Top projects

Eco 113m2 Eco 113m2
"Eco-113" stands for the design of a single-storey house with a double-pitch roof, and rational approach. The design includes four ... Read more >>
Funk 130m2 Funk 130m2
The two-storey house is designed in the best traditions of functional architectural design. The design includes a large drawing room ... Read more >>
City 136m2 City 136m2
The "CITY 136" design is suitable for small families: the house includes four bedrooms and an ensemble of arched windows. ... Read more >>
Double 130m2 Double 130m2
  The "DOUBLE 130" design of a house with two apartments is intended for two families. The apartment blocks are connected ... Read more >>

Fabrication

Every house is fabricated according to the design documents.

   

Fabrication is performed indoors, in specially fitted premises to ensure the complete readiness of the panels. Cut and marked profiles are assembled into wall structures in warm indoor conditions, using automated tools. Windows and doors are mounted with the wall panels; crimped insulation for power cables, and weak current wiring is provided. Panels are filled with insulation material, with the gypsum boards fastened inside. Exterior walls may be clad with finishing panels, sidings, block-house boards, or other elements according to the particular façade system. On-site, the crane operator and workers assemble all the parts of the structure into designed positions, fasten them to the foundations and connect them together. Mounting operations are performed very quickly, and the quality of panel assembly is warranted by the department for quality control. 


Assembly and Installation

As with any construction process, a site is first prepared, with a foundation. Within the perimeter of the foundation, filling and tamping operations are performed, followed by the laying of a waterproofing material, binding the reinforced bars and cast-in-situ foundation plate for the house to be built. The quick mounting lightweight structures only require a shallow foundation, for instance, a cast-in-situ foundation plate, or pile foundation. Thus, 2-metre-deep foundations, and therefore, the digging of pits and provision of appropriate waterproofing are not required. Preliminary communication lines are led in from the outside.

By the time the concrete foundation sets completely, the completed wall panels are delivered to the site.

According to the detailed design documents, cramps are fastened along the perimeter, which are used for fastening the wall panels. Prior to installing the wall panels, waterproofing and additional sealing materials should be properly applied.

Once the preparatory work is completed, the installation of the wall panels can be started. This operation requires a connection to a standard power supply, and several screwdrivers.

The floor and structures between the floors are made of wood. If required, additional rigidity for the spans can be provided by steel I-beams. The roof is made of complete trusses, with characteristics calculated by specialised computer programs based on the design data. Once installed together at predetermined angles and bound by the floor beams, the panels form their rigid structure.

Installing the windows and doors is carried out according to the standard technologies issued by the relevant manufacturers. As steel-framed buildings are not subject to any shrinkage, there is no necessity to provide expansion joints over the window or door units. The window and door units are fastened to their openings by means of screws, and the gaps are filled in with foam.

Installing the engineering systems in a steel-frame house does not differ significantly from similar work in panellized buildings of other designs. However, the presence of steel structures needs to be taken into consideration. Power cables are laid in the spaces of the supporting walls and floors. The standpipes for water supply and sewage shall be, as the rule, provided in a shaft.  Both the equipment and finishing of sanitary premises are designed to meet the particular requirements of the customers, appropriate to up-to-date comfort levels and standards of living. The piping to the radiators and plumbing equipment is open piping along the walls. There are no limitations on the selection of heating system and depends only on the customers’ desires. As the rule, floor heating is used for the ground floor, and radiators are used for the first-floor premises. For the ventilation of kitchen and sanitary premises, a separate ventilation header is provided, with forced air removal through the kitchen air removal exhaust and electric fans.

There are no limitations to the finishing options for the interiors of steel-frame houses. As with any other house, both classical and up-to-date designs may be used. Depending on their lifestyles, customers may select dynamic up-to-date interiors, which may be easily changed according to circumstances or personal tastes.


 

 

News

Producting technology becomes more perfect

Piter Grupp Invest OOD first among frame house manufactorors, replaced used before 9 mm plasterboard with KNAUF BG new product ... Read more >>

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